2022-2023 Academic Catalog

History (HIS)

HIS 100  History of World Societies I  (3 Credits)  

A comparative study of societies and cultures, and their interactions, from the earliest humans to the sixteenth century. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding, offers exercises in writing, discussion, and computer applications.

HIS 100H  Honors History of World Societies I  (3 Credits)  

A comparative study of societies and cultures and their interactions from the earliest humans to the sixteenth century. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding: offers exercises in writing, discussion, and computer applications.

HIS 101  History of World Societies II  (3 Credits)  

A comparative study of societies and cultures, and their interactions, from the sixteenth century to the present, emphasizing modern issues. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding, offers exercises in writing, discussion, and computer

HIS 101H  Honors History of World Socities II  (3 Credits)  

A comparative study of societies and cultures and their interactions from the sixteenth century to the present, emphasizing modern issues. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding: offers exercises in writing, discussion and computer ap

HIS 102  United States History to 1865  (3 Credits)  

A comprehensive survey of US history from the development of indigenous cultures to the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding: offers exercises in writing, discussion, and computer applica

HIS 102H  Honors United States History to 1877  (3 Credits)  

A comprehensive surve of American history from the development of indigenous cultures tot he passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding: offers exercises in writing, discussion, and computer applications.

HIS 103  United States History Since 1865  (3 Credits)  

A comprehensive survey of American history from the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 to the present. Encourages critical thinking and geographical understanding: offers exercises in writing, discussion, and computer applications.

HIS 110  Themes in African American History  (3 Credits)  

Themes in African American history is a gateway to, the interdisciplinary study of African American, history and culture that explores different epochs, from their roots in Africa through today. The, course introduces foundational themes, concepts,, people, and movements while nurturing critical, thinking, writing, and oral competency.

HIS 110H  Honor Themes in African American History  (3 Credits)  

Themes in African American history is a gateway to, the interdisciplinary study of African American, history and culture that explores different epochs, from their roots in Africa through today. The, course introduces foundational themes, concepts,, people, and movements while nurturing critical, thinking, writing, and oral competency.

HIS 205  Introduction to the Study of History  (3 Credits)  

HIS 205, a required course for history majors to be taken in the sophomore year, is designed to introduce students to the meaning, and problems of historical study and to the skills required to conceptualize, analyze, and synthesize historical materials.

HIS 304  Western Thought, Global Challenges  (3 Credits)  

Studies the development and characteristics of Western thought and ideologies, and their application to modern global issues and challenges. Emphasizes critical thinking, writing, and oral discussion.

HIS 305  The Three R's of History: Reading, Writing and Research  (3 Credits)  

An in-depth engagement with the craft of reading, writing, research and rhetoric for historians, this clas reinforces the skills learned in History 205 and builds upon them by introducing historical research methods and discussing the variety of historical thought and theory.

HIS 310  Age of Encounter, 1415-1607  (3 Credits)  

This course examines European overseas expansion from the exploration of West Africa in 1415 to the settlement of Jamestown colony in 1607. It focuses on cross- cultural encounters among Europeans, Africans, Native Americans, and Asians, with an emphasis

HIS 311  Colonial America  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the European colonization of the Americas from Jamestown colony in 1607 to the passage of the Stamp Act in 1765. It focuses on cultural encounters among British, French, Spanish, Dutch and other European settlers, the indigenous socie

HIS 312  American Revolution  (3 Credits)  

This Course examines the era of the American Revolution from the passage of the Stamp Act in 1765 to the ratification of the US Constitution in 1788. Special topics include the origins of the American Revolution, the social history of the militia, loyalis

HIS 313  United States Early National Period, 1788-1815  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the development of the federal government from the ratification of the US Constitution through the end of the War of 1812. The course will emphasize the development of an American social and political identity and the challenges the new nation faced as it developed not only a strong central government, but also struggled to be recognized internationally.

HIS 314  Antebellum America, 1815-1850  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the social, cultural, and political history of the United States during the antebellum period, from the end of the War of 1812 to the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. Particular attention will be paid to the changing role of

HIS 315  Civil War & Reconstruction  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the social, cultural, political and military history of the United States from the Compromise of 1850 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877. Special attention will be given to the role of African-Americans in the Civil War and the chan

HIS 320  Independent Latin America  (3 Credits)  

Survey of the political, social, economic, and cultural history of the Latin American nations since the early nineteenth century.

HIS 328  History of Virginia  (3 Credits)  

This course traces the history of Virginia from Native American kingdoms through colonial development to the present.

HIS 330  Colonial History  (3 Credits)  

Study of the Spanish, French, English, Dutch, and Swedish colonies through the eighteenth century, ending with the Treaty of Paris (1763). Emphasis on the economic, social, religious, and political concepts shaping colonial cultures.

HIS 331  The American Revolution and Federal Era,, 1763-1800  (3 Credits)  

Surveys the political, economic, diplomatic, and , intellectual themes associated with the American , Revolution and post-Revolutionary era, with, particular emphasis upon the drafting of the U.S, Constitution.

HIS 333  The Civil War & Reconstruction  (3 Credits)  

Study of nature of sectional conflicts leading to , Civil War; political, military and diplomatic , aspects of the war itself; Reconstruction and its, results to 1877

HIS 335  African-American History  (3 Credits)  

Survey of African-American history from its African origins to the abolition of slavery in 1865. Emphasizes critical thinking, writing and oral competency.

HIS 335H  Honors African-American History to 1865  (3 Credits)  

Survey of African-American history from its African origins to the abolition of slavery in 1865. Emphasizes critical thinking, writing and oral competency.

HIS 336  African-American History Since 1865  (3 Credits)  

Survey of African-American history from the abolition of slavery in 1865 to the present. Emphasizes critical thinking, writing and oral competency.

HIS 336H  Honors African-American History Since 1865  (3 Credits)  

Survey of African-American history from the abolition of slavery in 1865 to the present. Emphasizes critical thinking, writing and oral competency.

HIS 337  United States Women's History  (3 Credits)  

This course examines women's participation in the founding, developing and growth in the United century with special focus on women's struggle for legal, economic and social equality.

HIS 340  From England to Great Britain 1485-1832  (3 Credits)  

Study of the transformation of Tudor and Stuart, England into eighteenth-century Great Britain. , Emphasis on the making and maintenance of, England's limited monarch through its own civil , war to the end of the Napoleonic period. , Explanation of the causes and consequences of , Great Britain becoming the leading industrial and, commercial power by 1832

HIS 341  Great Britain Since 1832  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the rise and fall of Great Britain as the world's leading industrial and imperial power. Focuses also on the effects of decolonization, including African, West Indian, and Asian immigration to the United Kingdom, as well as the making

HIS 346  Twentieth-Century Europe  (3 Credits)  

This course considers the problems of the states of Europe, emphasizing the causes of World War I, the terrible and unpredicted consequences of "total" war, the chaotic interwar period, the effects of the Great Depression, the emergence of totalitarian id

HIS 346H  Honors Twentieth-Century Europe  (3 Credits)  

Study of the problems of the states of Europe, emphasizing the causes of World War I, the terrible and unpredicted consequences of "total" war, the chaotic interwar period, the effects of the Great Depression, the emergence of totalitarian ideologies, Wor

HIS 348  Ancient History  (3 Credits)  

Study of the great civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. Emphasis on political, economic, social, religious, and cultural life. Assessment of the rise of Christianity and the Germanic invasions culminating in the end of the Western Roman E

HIS 350  Borders and Moving People  (3 Credits)  

Examines the contemporary history of border violence, migration patterns, government controls, and ideologies of ethnic and national belonging in global and comparative perspective. Emphasis on understanding how racially exclusive and politically authoritarian ideologies triumph over the diverse and democratic promises of revolution, nation building, & construction of the people.

HIS 350H  Borders and Moving People  (3 Credits)  

Examines the contemporary history of border, violence, migration patterns, government controls,, and ideologies of ethnic and national belonging in, global and comparative perspective. Emphasis on, understanding how racially exclusive and, politically authoritarian ideologies triumph over, the diverse and democratic promises of revolution,, nation building, and constructions of the "the, people".

HIS 360  Latin America: Readings in Latin-American History  (3 Credits)  

Analysis of the political, economic, and social histories of these nations, 1810 to present.

HIS 361  Latin America: Readings in Latin-American History  (3 Credits)  

Intensive directed reading for exceptionally able students.

HIS 362  Introduction to the Modern Middle East, Part 1  (3 Credits)  

Survey of the foundation and development of the Islamic civilization to the foundation of the Ottoman Empire providing close study of the Ottoman Empire in the late 18th century and throughout the 19th century.

HIS 364  Readings in American History  (1-3 Credits)  

Readings and discussions in selected historical problems.

HIS 365  Caribbean History  (3 Credits)  

This course examines cultures and comparative historical experiences in the Caribbean, from early modern European expansion to the present. It analyzes ways in which race, ethnicity, gender and class contributed to shared memories and political discourse

HIS 370  Early African History and Cultures, From the Beginning of Humankind to 1600  (3 Credits)  

This course introduces students to the political, social, economic, and cultural history of Africa from the beginning of humanity to the 17thcentury. During the semester, students explore several themes with a view to understanding the vast diversity of African peoples and cultures before European colonial rule. Using multiple teaching and learning strategies to expose students to variety of viewpoints, the course emphasizes the inter-disciplinary richness of Africa's historical study, drawing interpretive paradigms from anthropology, archaeology, ethnography, religion, ethno-linguistics, and geography.

HIS 371  Modern African History & Cultures 1600-PRESENT  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the history and cultures of Africa from the 17th century to the 21st century. Emphasis will be on the internal dynamics of African societies before European colonization, Africa and the global maritime networks, European colonization and Africans' response, end of colonization, challenges of post-colonial nation building, apartheid in South Africa, and Africa's recovery and economic growth in the age of globalization.

HIS 371H  Honors Modern African History & Cultures, 1600-PRESENT  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the history and cultures of Africa from the 17th century to the 21st century. Emphasis will be on the internal dynamics of African societies before European colonization, Africa and the global maritime networks, European colonization and Africans' response, end of colonization, challenges of post-colonial nation building, apartheid in South Africa, and Africa's recovery and economic growth in the age of globalization.

HIS 372  African Diaspora History and Culture  (3 Credits)  

Drawing on multi-disciplinary perspectives and materials from history, arts, humanities, this course focuses on the worldwide migrations, societies, and cultures of African-descended peoples as they have formed communities and interacted with other commun

HIS 377  Black Leaders, Then and Now  (3 Credits)  

Survey of the role of Black leaders in American history from the period of exploration and discovery to the present.

HIS 380  American Military History  (3 Credits)  

This course examines of the development of the American military establishment, policies, and stategies from the American Revolution to the present.

HIS 380H  Honors American Military History  (3 Credits)  

This course examines of the development of the American military establishment, policies, and stategies from the American Revolution to the present.

HIS 404  World History for World History Teachers  (3 Credits)  

This course has three learning outcomes: (1) to enhance the content, knowledge of teacher candidates about the major, trends, periods, and themes in world history, (2), to enable teacher candidates and/or future, researchers to understand the purposes and

HIS 410  American Constitutional History  (3 Credits)  

Study of basic principles of the American , constitutional system. Emphasis on the judicial, interpretation and application of these principles, in construing the powers of the government and, the rights of persons. Examines the historical , background of major federal court decisions.

HIS 418  Southern History  (3 Credits)  

Survey of the social, political, and economic , development of the Southern United States.

HIS 439  Black Lives Matter: the Long Civil Right  (3 Credits)  

Focuses on the long struggle for racial justice in America, and African American resistance to segregation and discrimination, leading to Civil Rights and the Black Power movements. It interrogates how black American activists engaged in international str

HIS 444  African Diaspora History and Culture (this Course Changed to His 372, See Above)  (3 Credits)  

Drawing on scholarship rooted in various academic disciplines, including history, anthropology, literature, sociology, art history and performance studies, this course provides an introduction to selected themes in the rapidly expanding field of African Diaspora Studies.

HIS 446  Colonial Latin American  (3 Credits)  

Study of the leading Native American cultures of 1500 AD, their conquest by Iberian adventurers, , the making of colonial institutions and cultures, , and the eventual origins of independence movements.

HIS 448  Slavery in the Alantic Basin  (3 Credits)  

Study of the development of slavery in the Atlantic Basin from its Western African/Islamic/, European origins through the dreaded Middle, Passage to the Caribbean, Latin America, and the , American South.

HIS 490  Special Topics  (3 Credits)  

Opportunities to study and examine historical problems of special interest.

HIS 490A  Special Topics in History  (3 Credits)  

Opportunities to study and examine historical problems of special interest.

HIS 490E  Special Topics in History  (3 Credits)  

Opportunities to study and examine historical problems of special interest.

HIS 490I  Haiti and Atlantic World  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the first documented, Africans in colonial America who came ashore at, Old Point Comfort in 1619 through their dominance, in Virginia's maritime industry. Students will, also learn about the critical role African, Americans had in the Civil War, beginning at Fort, Monroe

HIS 490K  Paths to Freedom  (3 Credits)  

This course examines the first documented, Africans in colonial America who came ashore at, Old Point Comfort in 1619 through their dominance, in Virginia's maritime industry. Students will, also learn about the critical role African, Americans had in the Civil War, beginning at Fort, Monroe

HIS 490L  The Underground Railroad  (3 Credits)  

This course provides a local perspective of a, secret system that is still steeped in myth and, mystery. The majority of fugitives escaped from, Virginia, with the majority finding freedom, aboard vessels bound for the north.

HIS 490M  Special Topics: Black Lives Matter  (3 Credits)  

Opportunities to study and examine historical themes of special interest related to Black Lives Matter.

HIS 490X  1619 and the Making of America  (3 Credits)  

This course frames how the events that occurred, beginning in 1619 permanently altered British, America and created a complex culture and, society. We intend to discuss this important, period by gathering a group of eminent scholars, who will use their e

HIS 490Y  Special Topics: Borders, Bureaucracies, & Big Brother  (3 Credits)  

Opportunities to study and examine historical problems of special interest.

HIS 490Z  The History of Love and Marriage  (3 Credits)  

An examination of the history of love and marriage in American society from the colonial period through the 20th century. Students will read primary and secondary sources on a range of topics from companionate marriage, same-sex marriage, interracial marr

HIS 492  Race and Gender in Cuba and Latin America  (3 Credits)  

This upper-level history seminar will examine two themes of the African Diaspora in Latin America: race and gender. It will place Latin America within the border context of Atlantic history, and suggest the ways in which comparative historical study can provide insight into interdisciplinary critical race and gender studies. The course will focus particular attention on the example of Cuba, a society that was profoundly impacted by colonialism, slavery, discrimination and revolution. It will examine contemporary perspectives and controversies currently underway in American, Latin American and Cuban academia regarding the history and present-day situation of African-descended peoples and women.

HIS 492H  Honors Race and Gender in Cuba and Latin America  (3 Credits)  

This upper-level history seminar will examine two themes of the African Diaspora in Latin America: race and gender. It will place Latin America within the border context of Atlantic history, and suggest the ways in which comparative historical study can provide insight into interdisciplinary critical race and gender studies. The course will focus particular attention on the example of Cuba, a society that was profoundly impacted by colonialism, slavery, discrimination and revolution. It will examine contemporary perspectives and controversies currently underway in American, Latin American and Cuban academia regarding the history and present-day situation of African-descended peoples and women.

HIS 494  Internship  (3 Credits)  

Development of knowledge and skills in fields related to history, for example, museum work or digital projects. A minimum number of clock hours in approved placement is required.

HIS 497  Historical Research  (3 Credits)  

In this capstone course, students formulate and carry out an original historical research project which applies their writing, critical thinking and public speaking skills to a self- directed research project. With the help of the instructor, students dev

HIS 497H  Honors Historical Research  (3 Credits)  

In this capstone course, students formulate and carry out an original historical research project which applies their writing, critical thinking and public speaking skills to a self- directed research project. With the help of the instructor, students dev